FIFA’s determination in 2010 to award Qatar the 2022 World Cup has attracted criticism.
With the match now simply months away, how did soccer’s worldwide governing physique come to the choice to award its prize occasion to a rustic not famend for any footballing status?
Right here 90min takes a have a look at how Qatar was awarded the 2022 World Cup.
The 2022 World Cup will happen in Qatar and can be performed from 21 November to 18 December. It’s the first World Cup to be held within the Arab world and simply the second to happen completely in Asia, after the 2002 version in South Korea and Japan.
FIFA’s determination in 2010 to award Qatar the World Cup has been extraordinarily controversial.
Qatar’s soccer heritage is extraordinarily minimal, and the nation is extra famend for being one of many richest states on the earth.
Then FIFA president Sepp Blatter revealed the committee had determined to take soccer “to new lands” in an try and “develop soccer”.
It got here as a shock to many who it was awarded the World Cup, regardless of rival bids coming from the USA, South Korea, Japan and Australia. Allegations of vote-buying had been made, however an unbiased investigation commissioned by FIFA discovered no exhausting proof of any such corruption.
Whereas Qatar has denied allegations of it shopping for delegates’ votes, a corruption investigation from French authorities remains to be ongoing. The US additionally accused three FIFA officers of receiving funds in 2020.
The Qatari soccer group has by no means beforehand certified for a World Cup for both the lads’s or ladies’s editions. having been awarded the appropriate to host the 2022 match, Qatar grew to become the primary nation since Italy in 1934 to play in a World Cup with out qualifying for it.
Qatar have been regulars within the Asian Cup lately and gained the 2019 version within the United Arab Emirates, profitable all seven of their video games, scoring 19 objectives and conceding only one.
The World Cup is usually performed in June and July – peak months for summer season in Europe – however it is going to be performed in winter this yr.
It’s because common temperatures in Qatar in June and July are round 41C (106F) and might attain 50C (122F). That’s too sizzling to be outdoors safely and definitely not cool sufficient for individuals to play 90 minutes of soccer.
The schedule means leagues around the globe will take breaks to permit gamers to play within the competitors. The Premier League, for instance, will begin per week sooner than standard and end per week later. No matches can be performed between 13 November and 26 December.
Qatar has been constructing seven stadium for the World Cup finals. The necessity for a brand new airport, metro and roads have additionally seen 30,000 migrant labourers introduced in to work on the constructing.
As of February 2021, greater than 6,500 migrant staff from India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have died in Qatar because the nation gained the appropriate to host the World Cup again in 2010.
That works out as a mean of 12 migrant employee deaths from these aforementioned international locations every week.
The whole dying toll is definitely larger, as figures haven’t included deaths from international locations which ship a big amount of staff just like the Philippines and Kenya.
The Qatari authorities has stated these figures are an overestimation as they embody foreigners who handed away after residing and dealing there for a few years.
This document has attracted criticism from organisations around the globe. Human rights group Amnesty Worldwide accused Qatar of utilizing compelled labour in 2016, saying many staff had needed to take care of poor residing situations, excessive recruitment charges, withheld wages and passport confiscations.
The Qatari authorities has launched measures to try to guard migrant staff from working in poor situations.
Nonetheless, Human Rights Watch – a marketing campaign group – stated in a 2021 report that international staff had been nonetheless being handled poorly. Wage deductions had been nonetheless in place coupled with months of unpaid salaries.
The Netherlands facet have worn t-shirts with the phrase “Soccer helps change”. Norway’s stars used the same shirt that said “HUMAN RIGHTS” and “On and off the pitch”. Germany and Denmark have made comparable protests on account of Qatar’s remedy of migrant staff and its horrendous human rights document.
Concerning the protests, a spokesperson for FIFA stated: “With the very stringent well being and security measures on-site…the frequency of accidents on FIFA World Cup building websites has been low when in comparison with different main building initiatives around the globe.”
Qatar’s stance as an anti-LGBTQ nation – same-sex relationships are nonetheless unlawful – is one other space that has attracted criticism.
The nation has been requested by teams supporting LGBTQ rights to make modifications earlier than the match begins – these embody security ensures, proper of entry and avoiding censorship. The nation remains to be agency on being towards public shows of affection.